Hey Checkyourlogs Fans,

A client asked me today to find rogue WDS Servers serving up PXE offers to clients on subnets. This was interesting because we use WDS quite a bit to re-image Fabric Nodes and S2D/AZHCI nodes. It is entirely possible that one was left running. Our standard procedure is to either uninstall when done or disable WDS Service and only enable it when required for reimaging purposes.

Along the way, we built this report into a weekly email report.

For our purposes no WDS Servers should ever be running so they show up in RED. When WDS is installed but service is stopped it shows white and not installed shows green.

This was a handy little way to find a few Rogue WDS Servers in the environment.

Here is the code:

# Report information
$companyName = "Corporate IT"
$reportAuthor = "Dave Kawula-MVP"

#Import AD Module
Import-Module ActiveDirectory
# Function to check WDS status on a remote server
function Get-WDSStatus {
param (

$wdsStatus = Get-Service -ComputerName $computerName -Name "WDSServer" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

if ($wdsStatus -ne $null) {
return $wdsStatus.Status
} else {
return "Not Installed"

# Query Active Directory for a list of servers
$servers = Get-ADComputer -Filter {OperatingSystem -like "Windows Server*"} | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Name

# Create an array to store the results
$results = @()

# Iterate through each server and check WDS status
foreach ($server in $servers) {
$wdsStatus = Get-WDSStatus -computerName $server
$result = [PSCustomObject]@{
ServerName = $server
WDSStatus = $wdsStatus
$results += $result

# Display the results
$results | Format-Table -AutoSize

# Export the results to a CSV file
#$results | Export-Csv -Path "WDS_Status_Report.csv" -NoTypeInformation

# Generate HTML content
$htmlContent = @"
<!DOCTYPE html>
body {
background-color: #f2f2f2; /* Light Grey */
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
width: 50%;
th, td {
border: 1px solid black;
padding: 8px;
text-align: left;
th {
background-color: #3498db; /* Blue */
color: white;
.Running {
color: red;
.Stopped {
color: black;
.NotInstalled {
color: green;
<h2>Windows Deployment Services (WDS) Status Report</h2>
<p>Company Name: $companyName</p>
<p>Report Author: $reportAuthor</p>
<p>Generated on: $(Get-Date)</p>
<th>Server Name</th>
<th>WDS Status</th>

foreach ($result in $results) {
$statusColor = switch ($result.WDSStatus) {
"Running" { "Running" }
"Stopped" { "Stopped" }
"Not Installed" { "NotInstalled" }
default { "" }

$htmlContent += @"
<td class="$statusColor">$($result.WDSStatus)</td>

$htmlContent += @"

# Save the HTML content to a file
$htmlFile = "C:\Post-Install\093-WDSWeeklyReport\WDS_Status_Report_$(Get-Date -Format 'yyyyMMdd_HHmmss').html"
$htmlContent | Out-File -FilePath $htmlFile

#Generate the output file
#Write-Verbose "Writing Output to File $OutPutFile"
#$output | Out-File $OutPutFile -Force
$emailbody = get-content $htmlfile -Raw

$Username ="<USERNAME>"

$Password = "<Password>"

$credential = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential $Username, $Password

$SMTPServer = "smtp.sendgrid.net"

$EmailFrom = "no_reply@blah.com"

$Subject = "Weekly WDS Status Report "

$EmailTo = @('blah@blah.com','blahblah@blah.com')

#Mail the Report
#If ($MailTo -and $MailFrom -and $MailServer)
#Fore Mail to go with Hard Coded Parameters for now
# Foreach ($Email in $Emailto)
# {
Send-MailMessage -From $EmailFrom -To $EmailTo -SmtpServer $SMTPServer -Credential $credential -Port 587 -Subject $Subject -Encoding UTF8 -BodyAsHtml -Body $EmailBody

# }

You can also grab a copy from my Github Repo.


Hope you enjoy,